HIGHLIGHTS: Rwenzori is the highest mountain range in Africa. It’s Loftiest peaks, Margherita (5,109m) and Alexandra (5083m) on Mount Stanley, are exceeded in altitude elsewhere in Africa only by Kilimanjaro and Mt. kenya, both of which are extinct volcanoes standing in isolation above the surrounding plains. The Rwenzori Mountains are unique among East Africa’s major peaks in that they are not Volcanic in Origin, but they do rise directly from the Rift valley floor and their formation. The range supports a diversity of animals including mammal and 177 bird species, several of the latter being Albertine Rift Endemics.